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Glossary

Molecular biology
Molecular biology is the branch of biology that deals with the molecular basis of biological activity. Molecular biology chiefly concerns itself with understanding the interactions between macromolecules, that is, proteins and nucleic acids (DNA and RNA).

Macronutrients
Macronutrients are the main nutrients in our diet. They are made up of proteins, fats or lipids and sugars and carbohydrates.

Predictive medicine
Predictive medicine is the medicine of individuality: it entails a DNA analysis to establish the best cure for each situation, with maximum efficiency and minimum risk for the individual.

Preventative medicine
This is a branch of medicine that is aimed at maintaining a good state of health through the activation of individualised, diagnostic, therapeutic courses and the leading a good lifestyle.

Nutraceuticals
Nutraceutical is a term that combines ‘nutrition’ and ‘pharmaceutical’ and it refers to the study of foods that have beneficial effects on human health. Nutraceutical foods are often called functional foods.

Genetic heritage
Modern molecular biology and genetics define the genome (or genetic heritage) as the set of chromosomes contained in each cell of an organism. In molecular biology, the genome is defined as an organism’s hereditary information contained in the DNA.

Free radicals
Free radicals are defined as very reactive chemical species that can interact with biological substances and cause damage that is jointly responsible for the development of many illnesses and the acceleration of aging processes.

Endocrine system
In physiology, the endocrine system, or hormonal system, is a system of glands and cells, each of which secretes a type of hormone. The endocrine system regulates the human body together with the nervous system.

Immune system
The immune system is a complex system of biological structures and processes within an organism, developed during evolution, which protects the body from any sort of chemical, traumatic or infectious invasion.

Neuroendocrine-immune system
This is made up of the combination and anatomical and functional integration between three important system; the central (brain and spinal chord) and the peripheral (nerves) nervous system, the endocrine system and the immune system. The correlation between these systems means the body works properly, especially the so called autonomous functions, that is, those not controlled by will.

Genomic tests of susceptibility
This regards research into possible variations in certain genes that may determine changes in the functioning of some metabolic processes and be advantageous or disadvantageous for the carrier. The disadvantageous change of a determined gene can make the body more susceptible to the development of diseases or illnesses.

Psychological and cognitive and assessment-behavioural
This concerns research aimed at verifying abilities closely related to brain functions, with particular reference to perception, reasoning, memory and learning. It is carried out through the use of a special software and some tests that are carried out by a doctor.

General semiotic medical assessment
This involves a full medical check that the doctor carries out with typical clinical instruments and it features the collection of anamnestic data and the assessment of the signs and symptoms gathered via techniques such as auscultation, palpation, percussion, etcetera.

Metabolic and nutritional assessment
This is made up of a series of tests that determines the composition of the body (lean mass, fat mass, water), life style, food habits and the body’s consequential response.

Osteopathic evaluation
This involves specific neuro-muscular-skeletal tests aimed at identifying any possible posture or visceral alterations and restoring a natural equilibrium through means of manual techniques applied to soft tissues.

Bio-structural posture assessment
This is an assessment carried out by means of neurological and postural tests on the body’s input receptors (foot, eye, temporo-mandibular articulation, blockages), aimed at identifying imbalances that can compromise the functioning of the entire body.

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